Riparian Cover on the Little Spokane River

Streamside, or riparian, vegetation performs vital ecosystem functions for our waters.  To name a few, it keeps the water cool in the summer, filters pollutants, provides habitat, and contributes woody debris.   Portions of the Little Spokane River, like this one behind St. Georges School have great riparian habitat.  Healthy riparian habitat consists of a combination of tall mature trees, willows, and aquatic plants.

Excellent riparian habitat along the Little Spokane River behind St. George's School.

Excellent riparian habitat along the Little Spokane River behind St. George’s School.

However, portions of Deadman Creek, a tributary of the Little Spokane River shown below, need major improvements.

Riparian vegetation is absent along Deadman Creek.

Riparian vegetation is absent along Deadman Creek.

A small riparian buffer, like the one shown below, filters out sediments, nutrients, toxins, and bacteria.

A portion of Deadman Creek with grassy riparian habitat.

A portion of Deadman Creek with grassy riparian buffers.


Our native redband trout and other species that depend on our waters need intact riparian habitat.  For one, redband trout need cool waters of less than 20°C (68°F), which are kept cool from overhanging riparian trees and shrubs.

Water Clarity in Hangman Creek

Jule Schultz, the Spokane Riverkeeper Technical Lead, sampled water near the mouth of both Hangman Creek and California Creek on 2/10/2015 after the heavy rains of the weekend.  California Creek, a small tributary of Hangman Creek, flows from some of the most ecologically intact watershed in the Hangman basin.  Lined with streamside woody vegetation, this stream contains small populations of trout, although it flows through working farmland and forestland in the upper reaches.

The mouth of California Creek.

Hangman Creek from the 11th bridge, flowing at 2,100 cfs on 2/10/15.

Hangman Creek on the other hand has had most of its streamside vegetation ripped out from farming activities.


Comparing the two samples, the results are striking, at least in terms of water clarity (turbidity).  Visibility was 5.9 cm in Hangman Creek and 50.9 cm in California Creek.  Measured scientifically, the results are even greater, with Hangman Creek over 100 times more turbid than California Creek (210 ftu vs 2 ftu).  Trout begin to look for refuge from the dirty water at 30 FTU.  So it seems clear to me why trout would choose to live in California Creek.

California (left) and Hangman (right) Creek water samples.  The difference is clear.

Polluting Waterways Without Penalty. Native Trout Cannot Live in Mud!

streamBy Jule Shultz, Riverkeeper Technical Lead

A few months ago, while scouting locations for water quality sampling sites, we came across this shallow stream that was recently dredged by a landowner. The ditch, excavated for the purpose of draining agricultural land, flows directly into Hangman Creek bringing with it:
• High water flows unfiltered by streamside vegetation
• Tons of sediment
• Fertilizer
• Fecal Coliform (from feces and manure)
• And other nasties!

Hangman Creek has been documented as one of the most polluted waterways in Washington State

(WRIA, 2005; Stream Report, 2005).

But why should you care about the health

of Hangman Creek?

  1. Do you like swimming or recreating in the Creek or Spokane River? High levels of fecal coliform in Hangman Creek pose a health hazard to those who come into contact with it. Improving waste water treatment plants and implementing proper animal management practices are key to cleaning the creek.
  2. Do you enjoy fly fishing for native trout? High temperatures in Hangman Creek kill native redband trout and impede their reintroduction. Soil erosion destroys spawning beds and kills the insects that trout need to eat. Streamside shorelines vegetated with trees and shrubs that create a canopy lower water temperatures and provide habitat for insects that trout need to survive.
  3. Do you love the rolling farmland of the Palouse? Poor farmland management washes tons of that dirt, and the associated nutrients, into Hangman Creek every year. This sediment and nutrients fuel toxic algae blooms in Long Lake, creating health warnings and unsightly algal mats. “Direct seed” methods of agriculture could reduce agricultural runoff dramatically.

We sent this photo and others to local regulatory agencies, thinking that surely this must be illegal.
Although I’m not a lawyer, I felt there must be some law broken when a stream can just be dredged and straightened. As it turns out, these actions are perfectly legal based on a number of agricultural exemptions to the Clean Water Act


As someone who cares about the health of the Spokane River, and who diligently monitors pollution on this stream, this allowable exemption which results in severe pollution in our watersheds is beyond frustrating. Given the lack of regulation on agricultural lands how does one clean up these sources of pollution? Some programs are being implemented, for instance in the Chesapeake Bay and the Great Lakes. However, in many cases these programs rely heavily on incentives, such as through grants and loans for proper pasture management. Relying solely on incentives, without a regulatory backstop, allows bad actors to continue polluting without any penalty.

Locally a number of organizations are working towards cleaning up Hangman Creek. Riparian plantings, land and easement purchases, and implementation of conservation practices all work towards the goal of clean water in Hangman Creek. However, I think the problem is so big in this watershed none of these practices alone will solve it.

So what is the solution? The answer to that will be complex. It will involve providing incentives to implement best management practices, regulation of existing water quality law and education about the value of intact riparian buffers. The Spokane Riverkeeper will be working in the Hangman watershed for years to come. We will be exploring pollution solutions through monitoring water quality, pressing for the enforcement of existing regulations, educating the public and advocating for a swimmable and fishable river.

Despite the legality of the pollution shown above, there are many ways to make a difference on Hangman Creek. Reporting pollution as it is happening, volunteering with one of the many organizations, such as the Spokane Riverkeeper, and supporting your local environmental group all go a long way towards restoring Hangman Creek.

Developing Future Riverkeepers

Jerry White helps elementary student cast a fly rod

By Spokane Riverkeeper Jerry White

After-school fly fishing & river education camps have finished up at the West Valley Outdoor Learning Center.  These camps happened because of a successful partnership between Hutton Settlement, Inland Northwest Nature Connection, Spokane Riverkeeper , Spokane Valleyfest and Spokane Valley Parks and Recreation.  Additionally, the Spokane River Forum helped us organize the service portion of the project.  Over the course of a week, the students from Hutton settlement learned a bit about river ecology, macro-invertebrates, native trout and invasive species.  They learned how to tie flies, they participated in the Upriver Scrub picking up garbage along the river, and finally caught some fine hatchery trout from the Mirabeau Parkway pond.  These rainbow trout were left in the pond after the kids fishing day during Valleyfest.  The camp kids helped ensure that these trout would not die during the winter, but be caught, cleaned and eaten for dinner by the kids of Hutton.  Thanks to all for a great experience!

Help us continue our work in the community! Please consider purchasing a Spokane Riverkeeper T-shirt for $25. High quality, Alternative Apparel brand, available in 3 colors- Adult sizes only. For each purchase made, Ammonite Ink will donate $11.20 to Spokane Riverkeeper! 

Quick update on Midnite Mine

Spokane Tribe calls for more time to review Midnite Mine clean-up plan and rally local residents and area citizens to do the same.

Deb Abrahamson, SHAWL Director and myself at one of the pits at Midnite Mine in 2010

Deb Abrahamson, SHAWL Director and myself at one of the pits at Midnite Mine in 2010

For those that aren’t aware or need a refresher, Midnite Mine is an inactive uranium mine on the Spokane Tribe reservation near Wellpinit in Stevens County.  Oh and it sits dangerously close to the Spokane River.   It was listed as a Superfund site on May 11, 2000 due to high levels of radioactivity and heavy metals in acidic drainage that are a threat to human health and the environment.

You may recall back in 2010 I visited the site as one of the first things I did as Spokane Riverkeeper. – http://www.cforjustice.org/2010/08/31/field-trip-to-the-midnite-mine/

At any rate, two weeks ago, members of the Tribe and others from the greater inland Northwest community gathered at the site to call for a thorough cleanup and healing process for all those effected by this mine.

There were two great reports on this.

First, The Spokesman-Review, then a report by Steve Jackson at KPBX.

Has a new bar been set in Spokane?

In case you’ve been hibernating through the winter and spring, there has been a flurry of activity, events, decision and more that have already, and will ultimately drastically alter the way we experience our Spokane River, the way we interact with our Spokane River and the way we understand and care for our Spokane River. To the best of my ability and memory, here it all is.

*** First, and this is far from blog etiquette or effective readership retention strategy, I’m going to strongly suggest, er, require, that you all take a minute to click on this URL (open it in a new tab or window so you come back to this) and bookmark this blog, add it to your RSS feed or blog aggregator or whatever you use and follow “The #spokanerising Project” religiously.  Not since the old days of MetroSpokane has a blog captured my attention, inspired my civic pride and optimistic outlook AND grounded me in reality than The #spokanerising Project.

Now, welcome back to this blog. Which could mean you’re coming back to this post an hour or so after you left and checked out The #spokanerising Project.  I don’t blame you.

So here’s what sparked this thought. Last Sunday afternoon while I was resting following running Bloomsday, I was thinking about how packed that weekend was.

It started with the wildly successful dedication and opening of Huntington Park and the connected and “yet to be named” new Plaza near City Hall (more on this further down, and for the record, my suggestion for the name is “Michael Winslow Plaza”) on Friday, then carried through to the big Expo ’74 Gala on Saturday night and culminated with Bloomsday Sunday and the after-run festivities in Riverfront Park.  By all accounts, it was one giant celebratory weekend in Spokane, filled with something new, something nostalgic and something as consistent as anything you’ll find in any community, anywhere in the world.

Then to cap it all off, Monday evening I attended a Spokane City Council meeting where by unanimous support the Spokane City Council approved moving forward on a $310 million dollar plan to clean up the Spokane River via new treatment technology and improvements at the Wastewater Treatment Facility, new infrastructure to minimize combined sewer overflows and even some stormwater management improvements that the city isn’t currently under regulation or order to do.  Let me say that again.  Spokane City Council voted unanimously to spend $310 million on a plan to clean up the Spokane River.  Regardless of the fact that the current makeup of the council is more ideologically apt to do such a thing.  Last I checked this is still Spokane, oh and it was a unanimous vote.  Again, go look who’s on the council.

So let’s wind it back.


On Friday, the Avista Corporation formerly opened up the new and VERY improved Huntington Park, a wonderfully landscaped park that offers some truly remarkable views of the Spokane River.  Huntington Park has always been a thing, but prior to this face lift, it was an area that though was  accessible and open, always felt like you were trespassing when you went down there.  Now, new signage and wayfinding, a new and additional entrance off the Post Street Bridge, the “front door” treatment provided via Avista’s gift to the City of Spokane and the people by way of the new plaza next to City Hall, and lighting and amenities all make Huntington Park inviting and intriguing.  I truly feel that Avista went above and beyond with the design and implementation of this great park (great job Speed Fitzhugh).  From a cultural, historical and spiritual perspective, Huntington Park is a great nod to the importance of that particular area, a place where generations upon generations of area tribal members gathered and identified as one of the most important locations in the region.  So it was very emotional to be at that location on Friday with some local tribal drummers playing over the roar of the Spokane River, with this beautiful new sculpture looking over the Spokane River.

Here are more thoughts from “The #spokanerising Project on Huntington Park – http://spokanerising.wordpress.com/2014/05/07/huntington-park-and-city-plaza-officially-open-to-the-public/

Saturday brought the excitement and the giddy trip down memory lane (not my memory lane as I wasn’t even close to being born yet) with the big 40th anniversary celebration of Expo ’74 at the Expo ’74 Gala at the Spokane Convention Center.  The Gala was a great reminder of what used to be at what Riverfront Park is now, and just how close this community was to living many more years, or even decades with railroad tracks and parking lots covering the Spokane River.  It’s always great to remember something my good friend Dr. Bill Youngs (the official Expo ’74 historian)  reminds people which is that King Cole would have felt successful in his efforts even if Expo ’74 hadn’t happened.  For him, removing “those damn tracks” from downtown Spokane was a legacy enough for him.  Good thing he didn’t stop there!  Plenty of ink has been spilled on this topic already, and there will be much more to come throughout this celebratory year, so instead of waxing poetic on this topic, I want to direct you to some very good links if you want to stroll down Expo ’74 lane.  And as you’re doing so, just remember how key the River and the environment was and is to all of this.

Below is a great rendering of the famous Expo ’74 Mobius Strip logo that I saw at the Expo ’74 Gala

Then of course Sunday was the iconic running of Bloomsday, which is special in its own right, and special to us here at Riverkeeper as so much of the run is within earshot of the Spokane River.  But it wasn’t until after the race when I was walking through Riverfront Park that I really made the connection to the other two events of the weekend.  Here is this beautiful and wildly used asset of a park in our community that for better or worse has remained somewhat unchanged for the better part of forty years.  Now, obviously you know where I’m going here as you know how much Riverfront Park means to me and you know that I served the last twelve plus months on a citizen’s advisory committee to come up with recommendations for improvements to Riverfront Park.  But it was walking through Riverfront Park seeing thousands of people sitting on the lawn, listening to music, visiting vendors, boarding the gondola, crossing the bridges and looking at the Spokane River then walking myself over to Huntington Park to see that juxtaposition that I really started to get jazzed about the prospect of a new and improved Riverfront Park.  We as citizens deserve a beautiful, useful and one-of-a-kind keystone park in this community.  We deserve a Riverfront Park  that has the same wow factor as Huntington Park.  And as long as I’m around, I’m going to keep working for that.

In case you need a reminder, here’s the vision of a new Riverfront Park – http://riverfrontparkmasterplan.org/

River Front Park – An Overview from Purple Crayon Pictures on Vimeo.

There is too much going on right now not to capitalize on getting Riverfront Park right.  We’re seeing a tremendous amount of attention paid to the River, from everything aforementioned in this post ( including the capital projects for infrastructure that very well could come with improved River access, art and other amenities), to the work being done by the Spokane River Forum and others to improve River access up and down the River, to a new River experience at the Convention Center and likely Corbin Park in Peaceful Valley.  Like it was for Expo ’74, the River IS the focus.  The River is the attention piece of all of this.

King Cole set out to save downtown Spokane.   To do so he needed to remove the railroad tracks and uncover the Spokane River.  That was a pretty high bar to set.  We as a community have rarely tried to reach that bar since.  Yet here we are forty years later and I’m losing track of the number of projects who have already hit that bar and higher, or are about to or likely to. I don’t know how or when it happened, but this is a new Spokane.  It’s time we all accept and embrace that.

“How the Spokane River was Formed”

A Spokane Tribe of Indians account:

A long, long time ago on this land lived a huge monster. His breath was foul and reeking of the remains of his victims. His claws, with one swipe, could uproot the largest pine trees. The people everywhere stood in constant fear and awe of it.

One beautiful summer’s day, a young Indian girl, gathering berries near a beautiful lake discovered the monster sleeping in the sunshine on a hillside. Slipping away, she ran as fast as she could to her village and excitedly recounted the scene she had witnessed.

The chief immediately assembled his people, and gathering every heavy rope in the village, they snuck up on the sleeping monster and with barely a sound tied the monster to nearby trees and rocks. Once trapped, the tribe fell upon the drowsy monster with their clubs, spears, knives and arrows.

Upon this rude awakening the monster shook himself and with a single, mighty lunge broke all the ropes, and ran as fast as he would to the east, tearing a deep gorge to Lake Coeur d’Alene.

The confined waters of the lake flowed down into the channel the monster made, and ever since the Spokane River has flowed into the Columbia River on its way to the sea.



Guest post: Funnel Vision

Here’s a guest post by Spokane Riverkeeper intern Rachel Nichols featuring her thoughts and notes from last week’s “Heavy Traffic Still Ahead” presentation at Gonzaga that featured Spokane City Council President Ben Stuckart, traffic expert Terry Whiteside and Montana organizer Margie MacDonald talking about coal and oil train impacts on Spokane and the inland northwest.

Funnel Vision by Rachel Nichols

They call it “The Funnel,” a 70-mile confluence of BNSF rail tracks that feeds nearly 50 trains into Spokane daily and, according to an exhaustive research study, as many as 82 additional coal and oil trains per day are proposed to cascade into The Funnel within the next decade.

Risks posed by rail shipments of coal and oil drew increased attention last week with a public presentation introduced by traffic expert Terry C. Whiteside, of Whiteside & Associates, and Margie MacDonald of Western Organization of Resource Councils. This presentation introduced findings from the report “Heavy Traffic Still Ahead,” which evaluates the anticipated increase in coal train traffic in light of the current proposals for new or expanded port facilities in the Pacific Northwest.

Sparks have been flying as local residents have been recognizing the significant implications that this proposition entails.

Oil trains scare people who live anywhere near the tracks. The most recent crash — in North Dakota — brought flames and smoke, but no injuries. A July explosion in Lac-Magentic, Quebec, killed 47 people. Other crashes have led to evacuations, but not hospitalizations.

Not only does this present a threat to public health, increasing the risk of accidents, and decreasing the ability to provide effective emergency response times, but it also entails severe economic implication. Coal and oil trains have top priority over all forms of rail transportation, causing interference with the local freight delivery systems. The distribution of goods has already induced the loss of tens of millions of dollars due to products not making it to market. This has had a significant toll on farmers in particular, who are not getting their fertilizers in time due to this priority influence.

The Northwest is a region noted for spectacular physical beauty, an emphasis on “quality of life,” and a dedication to clean, healthy living and environmental stewardship. It is agriculturally rich and a haven for innovative business. The pollution, traffic, noise, and degradation of our waters and fisheries that would come with significant coal and oil train traffic is at odds with the enjoyment and stewardship of this region. Choosing to become an economy in which coal transport is an emphasis seemingly undermines aspirations to build on the Northwest economies of tourism, healthy agriculture, innovative businesses, clean energy, and the manufacture of local goods. Even our beautiful landscape – our rivers, national forests, and mountains would be imperiled by the proposed project. The Northwest’s most valuable asset is our quality of life, and this quality is what hangs in the balance. This issue of coal and oil transport is a problem that is rapidly redefining our region, and robbing us from our defining factors. It would be foolish to consider it lightly.

It is crucial for us as a community to voice our concerns and stand up for our reputation, recognizing that this industrial funnel vision is facilitated by society’s severe case of tunnel vision. Ignorance will only deliver us past the point of mitigation. Consider this a prelude to what is coming in the future.  This is not time for panic; it is, however, a proposition for revolutionary thoughts and actions to be initiated among all of the stakeholders.

Recapping our annual spring river clean up

On Saturday (April 12), over 100 people joined us for our annual Spokane Riverkeeper Spring River Clean up.  By all accounts it was an amazing success!  It was our biggest and best clean up by far, we had a record number of partners on board to make it so, and above all we left a part of the Spokane River MUCH cleaner than we found it.  Here’s a quick recap and photos.

First off, THANK YOU each and every one of you who turned out on Saturday for our fourth annual Spokane Riverkeeper Spring River Clean up!

All told we had just over 100 people out cleaning up the banks of the Spokane River and the surrounding area. And we made a HUGE impact, as you’ll see in some of the pictures.  We overflowed the big garbage dumpster, we almost filled the recycling dumpster, we recovered 17 tires (2 short of our record) that Bridgestone Tires picked up to recycle and we found quite a bit of scrap metal that some local artists will be putting to good use.

I was blown away by the turnout, the enthusiasm, and the great work we did!

But we couldn’t have done it without the help and partnership of so many.

Thank you Gonzaga Law School, specifically the Alliance for Social Justice and the Journal of International Law for helping with marketing, organizing and day of support.  And thank you law students for being such great volunteers.  Thank you to the City of Spokane for donating the dumpsters AND to the Wastewater department for supplying a truck and drivers to help pick up bags of trash from the areas we cleaned and get them back to the dumpster.  This year this event was part of Spokane Gives week.  It was an honor to be part of such a great mission.  Thanks to Doma Coffee Roasting Company for supplying the amazing “GOOD COFFEE” and for bringing their entire team out to volunteer for the clean up.  Amazing show of support and dedication to the cause.  Thank you American Rivers for donating the trash bags and thanks to Bridgestone Tires for recycling the tires we found.  And of course last, but most important, THANK YOU to all of you who volunteered your time to help make this happen.

See you all next Spring!

Save the Date: Spokane River Forum’s H20 Breakfast is May 6 in Spokane

On May 6th at the Lincoln Center in Spokane, the Spokane River Forum will host the H2O Breakfast with the theme of “Perspectives on Regional Stormwater Management”.   This will be a great networking and Q&A opportunity for opinion leaders, elected officials, stormwater managers, agencies, conservation groups, businesses, and others.  We hope to see you there!


Join the Spokane River Forum  in welcoming the Mayor of Aurora Illinois, Tom Weisner

May 6, 2014 • 8am to 10:30am at The Lincoln Center, Lincoln Ballroom Spokane, Washington

The Aurora, IL Experience – A River Runs Through It: Stormwater Management, Green Infrastructure and Economic Development

Aurora, like the Spokane – Coeur d’Alene corridor, has a river (the Fox) running through it. Similar in size to Spokane, Aurora has transformed itself from a “blue collar town” to a 21st century economy. Mayor Weisner will share his experiences:

Cleaning up polluted riverfront areas and breathing new life into Aurora’s downtown urban core, the most recent example of which is RiverEdge Park, a spectacular new music venue on the banks of the Fox River.

Implementing Green Infrastructure to reduce stormwater runoff, sewer overflow events and nonpoint source pollution; improve best management practices; and educate residents.

Adopting a Riverfront Vision to guide environmental stewardship and economic development.

Joining Mayor Weisner will be Spokane Mayor David Condon, who will showcase Spokane’s Integrated Clean Water Plan, an effort to provide superior environmental results for the Spokane River at an affordable price. This plan was recently submitted to the Washington Department of Ecology.

Perspectives on addressing similar issues in northern Idaho and eastern Washington will also be shared.

For more info visit THIS SITE.